A blend of microencapsulated organic acids and botanicals reduces necrotic enteritis via specific signaling pathways in broilers


Necrotic enteritis (NE) is a devastating disease that has seen a resurgence of cases following the removal of antibiotics from feed resulting in financial loss and significant animal health concerns across the poultry industry. The objective was to evaluate the efficacy of a microencapsulated blend of organic (25 % citric and 16.7% sorbic) acids and botanicals (1.7% thymol and 1% vanillin ) to reduce clinical NE and determine the signaling pathways associated with any changes. Day-of-hatch by-product broiler breeder chicks were randomly assigned to a control (0) or supplemented
(500 g/MT) diet (n=23-26) and evaluated in a NE challenge model (n=3). Birds were administered 2X cocci vaccine on d14 and challenged with a cocktail of Clostridium perfringens strains (107) on d17-19. On d20-21 birds were weighed, euthanized, and scored for NE lesions. Jejunal tissue was collected for kinome analysis using an immuno-metabolism peptide array (n=5; 15/treatment) to compare tissue from supplement-fed birds to controls. Mortality and weight were analyzed using Student’s t-test and lesion scores analyzed using F-test two-sample for variances (P<0.05). The kinome data was analyzed using PIIKA2 peptide array analysis software and fold-change between control and treated groups determined. Mortality in the supplemented group was 47.4% and 70.7% in controls (P=0.004). Lesions scores were lower (P=0.006) in supplemented birds (2.47) compared to controls (3.3). Supplement-fed birds tended (P=0.19) to be heavier (848.6g) than controls (796.2g). Kinome analysis showed T cell receptor, TNF and
NF-kB signaling pathways contributed to the improvements seen in the supplement-fed birds. The following peptides were significant (P<0.05) in all three pathways: CHUK, MAP3K14, MAP3K7, and NFKB1 indicating their importance. Additionally, there were changes to IL6, IL10, and IFN- γ mRNA expression in tissue between control- and supplement-fed chickens. In conclusion, the addition of a microencapsulated blend of organic acids and botanicals to a broiler diet reduced the clinical signs of NE that was mediated by specific immune-related pathways.For more information: marketing@vetagro.comRead the full text here.